Flat racing is a form of horse racing which is run on a level racecourse. It is run over a predetermined distance from 2 furlongs (402 m) up to 3 miles (4,828 m) and is either a test of speed, stamina or both, whilst the skill of the jockey is determined by his ability to restrain the horse or urge it on. Flat racing does not require horses to jump over any obstacles such as is required for hurdling or a steeplechase. It differs from harness racing where horses are pulling a sulky and wear a harness.
Turf, dirt or synthetic.
Rest place/daily stay
Racing horses behave rather nervously and they are therefore mostly shod in their boxes.
Most racing horses are thouroughbreds. Their hooves are very small and sensitive. To reduce the weight in a race, racing shoes are very thin. They wear out faster and that's why they have to be replaced at shorter intervals, 3 weeks on average. As the use of a forge is not allowed in boxes, cold shoeing is the only method.
Both the horses and the materials used in this discipline are more expensive. Also, it is recommended to have various types of shoes and materials at hand, because the trainer most of the time decides what has to be applied. Shoeing for racing is more demanding, financially and psychologically, The pressure is higher for your horses to perform at their best.